Bible Study Book of Romans:
The primary theme of the book of Romans is to reveal to us two things:
1) Redemption for sin
2) Gods grace
As we read through the text we should always keep an eye out for evidence of these two things.
Romans will also help the reader to understand that faith in Jesus Christ will bring about a change in the believer.
Romans consist of 16 chapters. Below is a list of those chapters and a “sub”-theme for each chapter. As you read each chapter try to keep these things in mind:
And the chapter “sub-theme
Romans 1: God’s attitude towards sin
Romans 2: God’s judgement
Romans 3: No man is righteous by the law
Romans 4: Abraham was righteous by faith
Romans 5: The eddect’s of Adam’s sin
Romans 6: We are dead to sin
Romans 7: The struggle of the Spirit with the flesh
Romans 8: Life in the Spirit
Romans 9: The sovereignty of God
Romans 10: Righteousness by faith
Romans 11: Our attitude toward the Jews
Romans 12: Exhortations
Romans 13: Being subject to authorities
Romans 14: On judging others
Romans 15: Paul’s ministry to the Gentiles
Romans 16: Personal greetings from Paul
ROMANS 1: GOD’S ATTITUDE TOWARD SIN
v. 1 “Servant” means “bondslave.” The slave was completely at his master’s disposal. His one goal in life was to serve. ”
How would you identify yourself in your relationship with God/Jesus?
“Apostle” means “one who is sent.” Paul was called to be an apostle and sent by the Holy Spirit to witness to the Gentiles.
In your own words, what is a witness?
What makes a good witness?
Are you meant, by God, to be a witness?
Are you a good witness for Christ?
“Gospel” means “good news.”
What is the “good news”?
v. 2 The message of the gospel was promised in the Old Testament.
Name two old testament scriptures that prophesy the messiah’s coming.
v. 3 The name Jesus is the Greek word for Joshua, which in Hebrew means “Jehovah is salvation.” Christ is Greek for the Hebrew word “Messiah” which means “Anointed One.” Jesus is His name, Christ is His distinction, and Lord is His title, signifying our relationship with Him.
Mary was a descendant of David, to whom God had made the promise that Messiah would come through him.
v. 7 All those in the body of Christ are saints. After we experience the grace of God and make our peace with Him, we can know the peace of God in every situation.
Has your relationship with God even given you “peace” in a personal storm?
v. 11 Paul’s desire to go to Rome was to minister to the church there.
v. 14 “Barbarians” refers to those who didn’t speak Greek. They weren’t necessarily wild, coarse people as the name implies today.
v. 16 This verse speaks of the power of God.
Can you tell of a time when you knew it was only by the power of God?
v. 17 This verse speaks of the righteousness of God and introduces the theme of this epistle: righteousness comes by faith, not by works.
In your own words what does righteousness mean?
v. 18 This verse speaks of the wrath of God.
What is meant by the “wrath of God”?
Ungodly means “not in the right relationship with God.” Unrighteous means “not in the right relationship with man.” We cannot have the proper relationship with God and have the wrong relationship with man. Holding the truth in unrighteousness is believing that there is a God, yet living as though He didn’t exist.
Can you give an example of “believing that there is a God, yet living as though He didn’t exist.?
v. 20 We can see God in His creation.
In your words what does it mean to “see God in His creation”?
v. 21 1 Thessalonians 5:18, Psalm 37:23, Romans 8:28.
v. 23 The idols which men create often look like grotesque forms of men and beasts.
v. 24-28 When men create their own god, they become like the god they serve and are rapidly degraded. God gives them up to their own base desire.
God created man in His own image. When men create gods we create them in our image. An image made by an image and called god. How crazy is that?
v. 29-31 Our society has sought to rule God out of its conscience and now evidences the evils of reprobate minds.
v. 32 Movies and television programs that glorify lying, cheating, stealing, murder, and adultery can cause us to take pleasure in these sins and make us guilty.
Vs. 24-32 Focuses us on the “theme” for this chapter. What is Gods attitude towards sin?